Mechanism of Action

Astaxanthin protects against oxidative damage using a variety of mechanisms:

  • Direct antioxidant action: Quenches singlet oxygen, scavenging radicals to prevent or terminate chain reactions.



  • Unique molecular structure that enables its superior position in the membrane: Functioning both inside and outside the cell membrane, astaxanthin’s lipid bilayer protects against peroxidation.



  • Indirect antioxidant action: Astaxanthin activates antioxidant enzymes thorough the Nrf2/ARE pathway.